In the civilized world, every building has some type of sewer system to deal with wastewater from toilets, sinks, showers, washing, and other home appliances. Cities usually manage this for citizens, with a large-scale sewage system, however it's costly to run the lines from house to house, specifically in rural areas. The further out you go, the most likely it will be that the home or service you purchase will have an on-site waste treatment center, aka a septic system. Both operate in a really similar method, but if you have a septic tank, you're responsible for the maintenance and maintenance.
How Septic and City Sewer Systems are the Same
Treatment in both kinds of systems starts the same. Pipes bring whatever that decreases a drain out to a sewage tank. In the sewage tank, the wastewater divides into 3 layers; scum, effluent, and sludge. The scum is comprised of buoyant things, like oil, grease, and bathroom tissue, so it drifts to the top. The sludge is made of heavier things, like waste and detergent. The fluid that's suspended in the middle is effluent. The effluent is mainly clear of solids, however it's still full of bacteria. In either kind of setup, the effluent goes on to another location for further processing. The remaining residue and sludge are dealt with.
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